The fundamental British values are:
Rule of law
Mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths.
All of these have been taught discreetly in the Early Years Curriculum since it was introduced.
In Early Years everyone is treated equally and has equal rights. We support children’s personal, social and emotional development (PSED) by giving them opportunities to develop their self-confidence and self-awareness, to make choices and decisions about what they want to explore and how they’re going to use the resources we have made accessible to them. The children are given time to choose their own resources and work out solutions for themselves. They are encouraged to involve their peers, taking turns, sharing, collaborating and making decisions together.
Rule of law
This is about understanding that rules matter and is once again developed through our PSED curriculum strand. The children learn how to manage their own feelings and behaviour: learning right from wrong: behaving within agreed and clearly defined boundaries: dealing with the consequences.
This is embedded within PSED and Understanding the World. In Reception we focus on children’s self-confidence and self-awareness and people and communities. We help children to develop a positive sense of themselves. We provide opportunities for children to gather wild flowers, mix their own colours for leaf painting,take part in sports day etc to help them develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and increase their confidence in their own abilities. When we share favourite books with them child, splash in rock pools or build a compound for our dinosaurs together we are giving them the time and space to explore the language of feelings and responsibility; reflect on their differences and understand that we are all free to have different opinions
Mutual respect and tolerance
Here we learn to treat others as we want to be treated. How to be part of a community, manage our feelings and behaviour; and form relationships with others. We have an ethos of inclusivity and tolerance in our settings, where views, faiths, cultures and races are valued and where we encourage children to engage with their wider community. We help children to appreciate and respect their own culture and the culture of others. We help them explore similarities and differences between themselves and others; among families, faiths, communities, cultures and traditions; and to share and discuss practices, celebrations and experiences.
We share special moments with our children’s families whether that involves welcoming them into our own settings or accepting invitations to their own celebrations.
Our aim is for children to begin to learn the importance of tolerance, they need to be given lots of opportunities to practice tolerance and to challenge stereotypes. For example, through sharing stories that reflect and value the diversity of children’s experiences and providing resources and activities that challenge gender, cultural and racial stereotyping.